Cams listen in adult

21-Dec-2017 16:09 by 2 Comments

Cams listen in adult

The whole thing in HTML (to open in a new window): Listen A - Very short listenings.

Participants self-reported having ever been told by a physician they had the following conditions: hypertension 2 times or more, cancer (excluding nonmelanoma skin cancer), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD, emphysema, or chronic bronchitis in the past 12 months), diabetes, hepatitis, coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, arthritis, depression, high cholesterol; and any of the following conditions in the past 12 months: asthma attack, weak or failing kidneys, or substance abuse (20).

It was assumed that any missing value for a single therapy would be recoded as a “no” response.

The definition of CAM therapies is largely based on the classifications of the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (15), though these analyses also include the use of vitamins, minerals, and multivitamins because of their high prevalence of use.

To our knowledge, no studies have examined specific CAM therapy use with comorbid conditions.

Studies examining comorbid conditions and CAM use have collapsed CAM into any use versus no use, whereas in reality, CAM therapies represent a heterogeneous group of behaviors that differ in type, usage, and bodies of evidence on efficacy.

It was conservatively assumed that any missing value for a single condition would be recoded as a “no” response.

The composite variable was categorized into 3 levels: none, 1, and 2 or more of the 13 selected chronic conditions.

The NHIS contains dichotomous (yes/no) information on use of 20 different CAM therapies: body-based therapies including chiropractic or osteopathic manipulation, massage, acupuncture, and movement therapy; mind–body therapies including yoga, tai chi, qi gong, energy healing therapy, hypnosis, and biofeedback; alternative therapies including Ayurvedic medicine, chelation therapy, craniosacral therapy, homeopathy, naturopathy, and traditional healing; dietary supplements including vitamins, minerals, multivitamin or multimineral, and other nonvitamin or herbal therapies; and special diets.

Energy healing therapy, biofeedback, hypnosis, yoga, tai chi, qi gong, and mind–body therapies such as guided relaxation were collapsed into one mind–body therapy variable because they are similar behavioral CAM therapies.

However, one study among patients with chronic liver disease showed an inverse association between additional comorbidities and current CAM use (19).

The aim of this study was to determine the association between use of CAM therapies and multiple chronic conditions in a large nationally representative population of US adults.

The inclusion of vitamins, minerals, and multivitamins in the definition of CAM varies in the literature.